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          濟南激光切割的激光噴嘴如何維護

          文章作者:創始人 發布時間:2023-04-27 16:35:06 瀏覽次數:0
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            在濟南金屬激光切割中,如果噴嘴選擇或維護不當,很容易造成污染或損壞,或者由于噴嘴口的圓度不好,或者由于鐵水飛濺造成局部堵塞,噴嘴內會形成渦流,導致切割性能明顯較差。

          濟南激光切割

            In Jinan metal laser cutting, if the nozzle is not selected or maintained properly, it is easy to cause pollution or damage, or due to poor roundness of the nozzle mouth or local blockage caused by splashing of molten iron, eddy currents will form inside the nozzle, leading to significantly poor cutting performance.

            首先,噴嘴口和聚焦光束有不同的軸線,形成光束來切割噴嘴邊緣,這也會影響切割質量,增加切割寬度,使切割尺寸錯位。

            Firstly, the nozzle mouth and the focusing beam have different axes, forming a beam to cut the nozzle edge. This also affects the cutting quality, increases the cutting width, and causes the cutting size to be misaligned.

            噴嘴尺寸對切割速度有一定的影響,噴嘴尺寸對出口壓力分布也有影響。隨著噴嘴直徑的增大,由于射流對切割區母材的強烈冷卻作用,熱影響區會變窄,但也會導致切割縫過寬,噴嘴尺寸會造成準直困難。噴嘴口有被光束割傷的危險。而且,窄的切縫會阻礙高速下渣的順利進行。

            The size of the nozzle has a certain impact on the cutting speed, and the size of the nozzle also has an impact on the outlet pressure distribution. With the increase of nozzle diameter, the Heat-affected zone will become narrower due to the strong cooling effect of the jet on the base metal in the cutting area, but it will also lead to the cutting seam being too wide, and the nozzle size will cause difficulties in alignment. There is a risk of cutting the nozzle mouth by a beam of light. Moreover, narrow slits can hinder the smooth progress of high-speed slag discharge.

            噴嘴與工件之間的距離直接影響噴嘴氣流與工件狹縫的耦合。噴嘴口離工件表面太近,會對鏡頭產生很強的回流壓力,削弱飛濺切割材料產生點的分散能力,對切割質量產生負面影響,但距離太遠會造成不必要的動能損失,這也不利于有效的切割。

            The distance between the nozzle and the workpiece directly affects the coupling between the nozzle airflow and the workpiece slit. If the nozzle mouth is too close to the surface of the workpiece, it will generate strong reflux pressure on the lens, weaken the dispersion ability of splashing cutting material, and have a negative impact on cutting quality. However, if the distance is too far, it will cause unnecessary kinetic energy loss, which is not conducive to effective cutting.

          Laserschneiden_Anwendungen_Verlinkung_Flachbett_2D_768x576

            一般來說的話,激光切割當中的噴嘴與工件之間的距離需要控制在1-2毫米以內。現代激光切割系統的割炬配有感應式或電容式傳感器反饋裝置,可在預設高度范圍內自動調節兩者之間的距離。

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